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Tobacco Baron Roger Boka Millions of Dollars in Swiss Accounts Exposed

Roger Boka

Tobacco magnate

Roger Boka, who died in 1999, owned one of Africa’s biggest tobacco trading floors. Boka was “the first black Zimbabwean to own a private plane and drive a Rolls Royce” and one of the first black Zimbabweans to own a bank. At the time of his death, “Boka was wanted for questioning over the alleged illegal transfer abroad of $25 million from his collapsed United Merchant Bank,” according to the Associated Press, which also described him as “a leading African black empowerment advocate.”

File details

Boka was an HSBC client and was linked to a client account under his name. HSBC files list him as president of Boka Group that dealt with financial services, gold mining and tobacco export. The leaked files do not specify the exact role that he had in relation to the account.

Who is Roger Boka?

 

Roger Boka in his first owned business premises Boka House at 32 Robson Manyika, Harare, formerly known as Forbes Avenue, 1985
 
Roger Boka was a genuine reflection of the spirit of entreprenuership. The third born child of nine children born to Phoebe and Martin Boka, he went on to become a husband , father of seven children and grandfather of seven grandchildren. As the son of a carpernter in white-ruled Rhodesia, he always won the “best math student” award at school. Later, in black-rules Zimbabwe, his math smarts helped him build a business empire ecncopassing insterests in real estate, publishing, banking, mining and tobacco. To himself and to many others, his rise to prominence embodied the rare realization of the potential among Zimbabwe’s mostly poor black majority to break the white minority’s hold on the nation’s business and wealth.
In this rare Makosi Today interview with Mrs. Rudo Boka Of “Boka Tobacco Floors,” in Zimbabwe (the biggest tobacco auction floor in all of Africa), I get to sit-down with Mrs. Boka and she shares her sound wisdom and experience on business and women in the business arena, leadership, her roots, her strong family, her inheritance and perseverance. Pretty inspiring.

Roga Boka Education
In 1966 after completing secondary education, he enrolled in Chibero Agricultural College, a government training institute for a 3 year agriculture course. During this course, his studies were mainly concerned with the field of sciences, botany, zoology and applied sciences such as animal and field husbandry.
Roga Boka Employment
1970, was the commentcement of his teaching profession – schooling school pupils in biology, health science and Geography. During this period he underwent private studies in order to enhance his in-service teacher training course. In 1972 he joined Nield Lukin, a carpet compnay as a trainee manager in the retail division and and eventually rose to marketing and distribution manager for the Mashonaland region. By the end of 1973, Boka joined Royal Insurance Company as an underwriting manager.
In 1976  he joined Shell, a leading oil company as relief manager. Through this position he moved from depot to depot throughout Zimbabwe and gained tremendous managerial experience. It was two years later (1978) that his first business idea inspired by his wife Ellen, to supply household oils entered his mind following a two year period of unemployment. Due to the sanctions against the then Rhodesian regime, this type of business had been neglected by major oil companies.
 
Roger Boka Purchasing Gold Mining Equipment in Russia in 1993
 
 
Roger Boka Meeting with a customer at his gold buying center
 
 
 
Roger Boka Inspecting Tobacco Samples
 
 
Boka Empire
When Boka Enterprises (Pvt) Ltd was born in early 1979, few gave the fledging company much chance of survival. It not only survived, but prospered increasing its workforce tenfold. Like other indigenous Zimbabwe businesses, the group has over the years supported Government’s call to promote developmental projects and to stand up and be counted alongside white counterparts thereby expanding into many branches of commerce and industry. Despite United Merchant Bank’s collapse in 1998, his bank offered loans to indigenous Zimbabweans at favorable terms, challenging multinational banks against discrimination against black entrepreneurs who lacked collateral, whilst alerting the country to the in du plum rule. Following his death in 1999 on his private plane flying into Zimbabwe, and even though thereafter his companies were placed under judicial supervision, the group of companies have survived collapse, judicial encumbrance and a ten year recession.
Roger Boka was the first black Zimbabwean to own a private plane and drive a rolls royce

 

Some of Roger Boka’s milestones include
1980 Construction of Boka Furniture Factory in Waterfalls
1981 Successful (Z$) Million dollar NRZ tender for the supply of train seats
1982 Ministry of Education supply of educational materials and school furniture
1984 Manufacture & importation of cosmetics, fashion, jewelry, assembly of watches and commencement of photographic businesses
1985 Launch of publishing and distribution entity Boka Book Sales
1985 Construction of Boka Commercial Center in Bulawayo CBD
1985 Purchase of Boka House in Forbes Avenue in Harare
1986 Construction of Boka Shopping  Complex in Dangamvura in Mutare
1986 Entry into tobacco trade as first black indigenous merchant
1987 Entry into mining sector
1991 Establishment of first indigenous gold buying center
1993 Z$78 million gold mining joint venture in Chegutu at Boka Mine Gadzema with a leading Russian company
1994 Appointed to Tobacco Marketing Board, participating in the process of amending the legislation so as to encourage participation of black indigenous persons to the tobacco industry
1994 Establishment of United Merchant Bank
1995 Construction of Boka Tobacco Floors, the largest tobacco auction floors in the entire world
1998 Commencement of tobacco growing and rollout of input scheme to small holder farmers in Chiendambuya village
Zimbabwe liberation struggle hero Edgar Tekere reflects on Roger Boka in his book:

 

SOON after my return to Zimbabwe after independence, I made a statement in Parliament. My monthly income amounted to the princely sum of 0.38 cents. Yet I am an extremely wealthy man, rich in friends.
I have always had friends, but their true kindness came to the fore after I was sacked from the position of Secretary General of the Party. I did not confide the extent of my poverty to a soul, but they noticed, and quietly set about assisting me.
 
So here, I wish to name only some of them.
Roger Boka: I did not know Boka until, on my return to Zimbabwe after independence, he sought me out and introduced himself to me. He was interested, he said, in improving my image, so as to fit me for the new role I was assuming.
 
It was as if he had listened to Samora Machel give me one of his lectures prior to my leaving Mozambique. And fit (find?) me out he did. I was taken to an outfitter’s and provided with three suits, several pairs of shoes, shirts, socks and ties.
 
When I was sacked from the Party, his concern mounted, and I would find that my rates had been paid, in credit. I would receive monthly cash payments, none amounting to less than Z$800,000.00, which was a goodly sum in those days.
 
I had not known how ill he was, when one day he arrived in Mutare in his new Rolls. He had come, he said, to see his old school at Old Mutare, and he wanted me to accompany him there. He told his driver to disembark, and instructed me to drive him to the school. He said to me, “You drive very embarrassing cars.” (I was then driving a Mazda 323). “Let’s see how you like the feel of a really good car.”
 
He was to make presentations to the school, the church and the orphanage, and these he handed to me to give to the recipients. By the time we got back to Mutare, Boka was really very ill. I took him to doctor Kangwende, and later he went on to the governor, Kenneth Manyonda’s home.
 
I did not see him again. Some time later, Tradex Marketing called to inform me that my new car was ready. What new car? I asked. The representative replied that they had been instructed by Roger Boka to have a Mitsubishi Twin Cab delivered to me forthwith. It was a 1997 model, fully paid for. This is the car that I drive to this day.
 

Dr. Andrew Matibiri, the late Roger Boka and his daughter, Rudo Boka

Zimbabwe business icon Roger Boka’s legacy lives on

WHEN the late Roger Boka declared that he sees himself as “commander-in-chief of an indigenization movement” that, he believe should shake Zimbabwe to its traditional roots in June 1995, little did he know that 16 year on his dream would begin to be implemented.

For his part, Boka said his methods were black’s only chance to alter the then status quo.

“When a big stone is in front of you, bring in dynamites. I tried to go through the door and they kicked me out. I tried to go through the window, and they kicked me out. So I then I landed through the roof,” said Boka with a resounding laugh according to an interview he had with America’s Tobacco Reporter Magazine.

Boka said he decided to be involved in the tobacco industry because it controlled 35 percent of Zimbabwe industry earnings in 1995 and was dominated by merchant companies owned by multinational tobacco companies.

“There are 11 million blacks in Zimbabwe and 100 000 white and yet 98 percent of the economy is controlled by 20 000 white businessmen,” he said and felt it needed to change.

“What is the concept of independence? Without economic independence, political independence makes no sense,” Boka said.

Boka said he became involved in tobacco in 1987 when he did a barter deal with then East Germany, involving US$10 million of tobacco. His said his share in the deal was 50 percent and other  half was for businessman John Bredenkamp.

When it came time to buy the tobacco, the East Germans were there and he tried to go and buy Zimbabwe tobacco and was barred from the floor.

Boka said in the end “they cooked” the figures with his partners saying they lost the money and his profit was US$38 million. I sued them and won in court. “It was a bad experience, but it was an eye-opener,” he said.

“I began lobbying our government telling them all was not well, blacks would not be welcome in the tobacco industry unless they amended the laws,” he said.

In 1993 and amendment was eventually passed. “The first meetings were hell I never agreed with what these people were saying. They always said you can’t challenge this or that its tradition,” Boka said.

“What tradition” Tradition has always denied me,” he said.

He said what he was fighting was not just for blacks but for whites too. He said white whites he talked to said they saw better prices since black were accommodated.

When asked if he was successful in 1995, Boka said, “I survive extremely well in a very hostile environment. But without the hostile environment, I am not in business. You know what business is? Business is solving problems”.

Boka said his measure of successful transition in the tobacco industry would be when there is a satisfied farmer, and when people are competing to buy the next crop.

Boka Tobacco Auction Floors is still arguably the world’s largest Tobacco Auction Floors. His collapsed bank United Merchant Bank (UMB) gave loans to a lot of politicians and business some of them who set up successful business but allegedly failed to pay back.

He is one of the first black person to enter the mining sector which was regarded as “no go areas” for back since it required a lot of money.

In October 1994, in what was definitely the largest single investment since independence by an indigenous business, Boka Group of Companies concluded a $78 million gold mining joint venture with then leading Russian company Siberian Associates.

Boka injected $42 million in the form of cash and fixed assets which gave him a 54 percent control of the project. This paved way and gave confidence for other indigenous players to venture into mining at large scale. He has buildings in Harare and Mutare, notably Boka Islip building along Samora Machel.

Of the all the legacy he built, the Boka Tobacco Auction Floors still stands tall.

Located along Simon Mazorodze Road on the periphery of the southern part of Harare, on the way to Granville cemetery stands the giant the gigantic building, which looks like a big shopping mall.

It is a building that tell a story, a building that looks into the future, so colossal that it overshadows other surrounding buildings. Hundreds of farmers sell their tobacco at the auction floor.

He acquired the 10 ha of land he build the auction floors in April 1996 from the Harare City council for $5 million.

Council had agreed in February the same year to sell the land to Boka Investment (Pvt) subject to the conditions that the company would be responsible for survey, transfer and serving costs, the minimum building clause was to be US$10 million and the purchase price was adjusted when cadastral surveys were approved by the Surveyor-General.

After establishing that the 10ha was not enough for the auction floor project, Boka sought 2 and half more hectares of land which council agreed to sell for $750 00.

Boka died in 1999, but his children have ensured that his legacy lives on by running the family businesses in a professional manner. That is one thing that could make him rest in peace apart from the hypocrisy that was said to have been witnessed at his funeral and burial by those he assisted and never repaid loans they borrowed from his bank until it collapsed.

Such is the height of hypocrisy in society that among his former friends very few are said to have stood up to praise his good work. Most chose to have it buried with his bones and left the bad to linger on.

Boka did have money good works despite dying as a specified person shunned by some of the people he had fought with in the arduous battle for the economic empowerment of blacks.

His was said to be not mere rhetoric, but he did leave physical landmarks of the battle he waged with great courage.

The giant Boka auction floors, venturing large scale into the mining sector and investing in real estate and once owning a bank at a time few black people ever entertained such as thought would forever stand as a reminder of that desire by a marginalized people to breakthrough a barrier that had stood for over a century. Boka did thread where angels feared.

But as it is often said it is only those that do nothing that do not make mistakes, Boka did make mistakes. Engulfed by his desire to reshape Zimbabwe’s economy and frustrated by what he perceived as inertia in the indigenization process; he probably put a foot wrong and could have proved costly to some of his dreams.

As Boka’s empire once crumbled and his health deteriorated so did the whole momentum for indigenization that he and others had created. The pressure group’s that had sprung and flourished with seemed to have gone into hibernation but his dream and legacy still leaves on.

The most controversial man in Zimbabwe, won’t give interviews. But a phone call to his office is revealing enough
Roger Boka is a mysterious Zimbabwean businessman who has taken out full-page advertisements in the state-controlled newspapers calling for the “indigenisation” of the country’s agricultural and industrial sectors.
The origin of his wealth is not generally known but he is being being investigated by the Zimbabwean police in connection with buying stolen gold.
This year Boka began developing a multi-million rand tobacco floor on the outskirts of Harare to sell Zimbabwe’s crop. Zimbabwe already has the largest tobacco auction floor in the world, but it and the industry are dominated by white growers and merchants. Boka wants to change all that and says his floors will eventually control the tobacco scene in Zimbabwe.
He has steadfastly refused to be interviewed by the media, particularly white journalists.
Horizon, Zimbabwe’s bravest news magazine, interviewed a man at Boka’s office who called himself “Mr Mabhunu,” but whom the interviewer, Ray Choto, suspected was Boka himself.
Ray Choto: May I please speak to Mr Boka?
Reply: May I know who is calling?
RC: My name is Ray Choto, a journalist at Horizon magazine.
Reply: Hold on, I will put you through to him [pause … some inaudible voice says something]. I am sorry, Mr Boka is not in the office. Let me put you through to someone else.
Mabhunhu: Can I help you?
RC: My name is Ray Choto, a journalist at Horizon. May I please speak to Mr Boka?
Mabhunhu: Mr Boka doesn’t want to speak to people like you. He is a busy man trying to better his life.
RC: Are you speaking for Mr Boka, sir?
Mabhunhu: You said you are from Horizon, the paper that reported negatively about Mr Boka.
RC: I don’t think so, Mr Mabhunhu. Horizon is a bold and factual magazine. I want to speak to Mr Boka, please.
Mabhunhu: Mr Boka doesn’t speak to white-owned papers. Who owns your paper?
RC: It’s staff owned. Are you Mr Boka? (Silence)
Mabhunhu: An MP here tells me that Horizon is owned by Andrew Moyse. You are just a poor worker there! You are the people Mr Boka will never listen to. You want to play to the tune of 75 000 whites who stole our wealth. Why do you want to work for whites?
RC: I don’t work for whites, I work with whites, sir. I believe in the concept of reconciliation.
Mabhunhu: What is this animal called reconciliation? Then you are not the right person to talk to Mr Boka. I will tell him that a reporter from Horizon … oh you are the people we are fighting to eliminate in our society. I am an ex-combatant, Choto, we didn’t go to war to maintain white supremacy. Anyway, leave Mr Boka alone. He won’t talk to you. Go and talk to Sithole or Mugabe, Boka is not a public figure.
RC: We think he is a public figure. He is a wealthy person, the first black to enter the tobacco-auction business, he is controversial too.
Mabhunhu: Let me tell you that the public is waiting for its day… people like you and whites will be crushed. We can put cyanide in your tea and die. Do you think we are happy with what is happening? You will see fire.
There is no reconciliation my friend. If you think that blacks and whites will reconcile, then you are fooling yourself.
Why don’t you do like Chikerema at the Sunday Mail or Tommy Sithole at the Herald? They know what we mean by black empowerment. That is why we advertise in these papers, not in the Independent where that Iden writes stories that denounce blacks. You think we are happy … wait, you will be crushed to death one day. You will see it happening in the streets.
RC: But there are some papers that speak for the voiceless, but you don’t support them.
Mabhunu: We support black-owned papers … we have set aside $17-million for advertising. Only, we have the money for our right people.
RC: I am sorry sir, I am not an advertiser but a journalist … I hope you will put me through to Mr Boka. He is the man I want to talk to.
Mabhunhu: He’s not here but I will tell him that you phoned. I have to rush to the tobacco floors. But remember, Choto, that we will eliminate all of you.
Boka doesn’t like to speak to people who support reconciliation. If your child finishes school he won’t get employment. But the white man’s child has no problem and you talk about reconciliation. Mr Boka wants to talk to people with the right mind.
RC: But why are you denying me access to Mr Boka?
Mabhunhu: Not to proponents of reconciliation! Okay, Choto, you will see the day when whites and people like you will be crushed.
RC: We will report about that.
Mabhunhu: It’s a pity that only the future generation will realise the importance of Mr Boka’s stance. But they will have to go to archives to get the information.
RC: But if Mr Boka doesn’t want to be written about, how will the archives have data on his life if we are denied access to his business activities?
Mabhunhu: He has his supporters … they will write about his struggles, not white-owned papers.
RC: But there are whites who are pro-blacks.
Mabhunhu: Never!
RC: You don’t want to believe in them.
Mabhunhu: I will never! Let me go to the floors, that’s where I work.
RC: Please tell Mr Boka that Horizon wants to talk to him.
Mabhunhu: I will tell him everything about Horizon, bye.
HARARE, Zimbabwe (Wall Street Journal) – Roger Boka often boasted that as the son of a poor black carpenter in white-ruled Rhodesia, he always won the best-math-student award at school. Later, the story continued, in black-ruled Zimbabwe, his math smarts helped him build a business empire encompassing interests in publishing, banking, mining and tobacco. To doubters of his acumen, he displayed ingots of gold from his own mines and stacks of photos of himself in the company of other national luminaries – photos developed by one his companies. To himself and to many others, his rise to prominence embodied the rare realization of the potential among Zimbabwe’s mostly poor black majority to break the white minority’s hold on the nation’s business and wealth. Then, five months ago, his arithmetic failed him, and Zimbabwe is still reeling from the economic and political damage. On April 29, government regulators revoked the license of United Merchant Bank of Zimbabwe Ltd., wholly owned and controlled by Mr. Boka. The bank, officials said, was insolvent because of imprudent lending and debt-collection policies. The failure threatened to trigger a national debt crisis as it emerged that the bank had bounced checks totaling tens of millions of dollars and had improperly issued about $52 million of government-guaranteed promissory notes. Mr. Boka was declared the target of a government fraud investigation, and his companies were put under government supervision. Before the probe could make headway, Mr. Boka left the country. He left behind a broad political scandal, a collapsed tobacco market and several companies and banks teetering on the verge of ruin. Estimates of the damage to the economy range up to the equivalent of 2 percent of Zimbabwe’s annual economic output. The debacle threatens to turn back the clock in this country of 12 million people, which until just a year ago was considered a beacon of economic progress in Africa. In letters to the government and according to his family, Mr. Boka lays the blame for the bank’s collapse largely on government agencies and senior politicians who borrowed from his bank but never repaid their debts; if true, these countercharges would embarrass President Robert Mugabe and provide firepower to those demanding an end to his 18-year rule, which has become increasingly associated with corruption and economic mismanagement. The government itself has compounded the economic crisis by intervening in the civil war in nearby Congo on behalf of the government there – and promising to foot part of the bill for that conflict.
 Roger Basil Nyikadzino Marume Boka was the third of nine children born to a family in a poor rural area of eastern Zimbabwe. When he was young, according to an account of Mr. Boka’s life published in his corporate group’s in-house magazine, his father worked at a general store. When that burned down, the owners let workers pick over the remains, but by the time Mr. Boka’s father arrived at the scene, all that was left was a chisel, a hammer and a wood plane. From these humble beginnings grew a furniture business that enabled Mr. Boka’s father to buy a Ford truck, which for blacks in Rhodesia was a considerable accomplishment. His success attracted the ire of many whites, according to Mr. Boka’s account, and on several occasions, his father was jailed at the whim of Rhodesian police. Mr. Boka’s childhood collisions with prejudice left a deep mark, says his 21-year-old daughter, Rudo, who now runs the Boka tobacco business under government supervision. “The life my dad had in those days was one of apartheid and racism,” she says in an interview. “You could say that the ambition that Roger Boka developed was because of the lifestyle that he knew.” After graduating from a government agricultural-training college, Mr. Boka worked as a teacher in Highfield, the township in the capital, Harare (then known as Salisbury), where black nationalist politics were percolating around him in the early 1970s. But the wages were terrible, and he stayed only two years before going into business for himself, selling household cleaning oils. In 1980, black nationalist guerrillas led by Mr. Mugabe laid down their arms, beat their white-backed opponents at the polls, took power and renamed the country. Using the contacts Mr. Boka had made in Highfield, many of them now in positions of power, he won monopoly contracts to supply books and stationery to government schools. He later expanded into areas where blacks once never dared to tread, such as photo processing, cosmetics and gold mining. But it wasn’t until Mr. Boka decided to break into tobacco – the last bastion of white dominance in Zimbabwe and the country’s main export earner, at $600 million in 1997 – that he really began to make his mark. In 1986, Mr. Boka entered into a deal with a local trading company to export tobacco to East Germany. It turned sour, his daughter says, when his white business partners tried to deprive him of his share of the profits. That experience, she says, convinced him that his ambitions in tobacco were being thwarted because he was black. He began lobbying friends in government, claiming that Zimbabwe’s most important export was held hostage by whites of questionable loyalty. He started taking out full-page ads in the local press, accusing Zimbabwe’s 70,000 whites of conspiring to keep its 11 million blacks poor, and threatening drastic measures if they didn’t loosen their grip on the economy. The campaign propelled Mr. Boka to national prominence. President Mugabe defended Mr. Boka’s often hate-mongering language and praised him in speeches as a patriot and black-empowerment pioneer. The state-controlled media whipped up support for his endeavors. According to Morgan Tsvangirai, head of the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions, which is leading calls for a political shakeup in the country, the president sensed benefit in the black-empowerment movement and adopted it as his own, beginning his “indigenization drive” to wrest economic influence from whites, Indians and foreign-controlled companies. “The policy was never clear how it meant to achieve empowering blacks,” Mr. Tsvangirai says. “But the Roger Bokas of this world saw an opportunity and ran with it.”
Reflection by Edgar Tekere, a Zimbabwean political leader.
Roger Boka: I did not know Boka until, on my return to Zimbabwe after independence, he sought me out and introduced himself to me. He was interested, he said, in improving my image, so as to fit me for the new role I was assuming.
It was as if he had listened to Samora Machel give me one of his lectures prior to my leaving Mozambique. And fit (find?) me out he did. I was taken to an outfitter’s and provided with three suits, several pairs of shoes, shirts, socks and ties.
When I was sacked from the Party, his concern mounted, and I would find that my rates had been paid, in credit. I would receive monthly cash payments, none amounting to less than Z$800,000.00, which was a goodly sum in those days.
I had not known how ill he was, when one day he arrived in Mutare in his new Rolls. He had come, he said, to see his old school at Old Mutare, and he wanted me to accompany him there. He told his driver to disembark, and instructed me to drive him to the school. He said to me, “You drive very embarrassing cars.” (I was then driving a Mazda 323). “Let’s see how you like the feel of a really good car.”
He was to make presentations to the school, the church and the orphanage, and these he handed to me to give to the recipients. By the time we got back to Mutare, Boka was really very ill. I took him to doctor Kangwende, and later he went on to the governor, Kenneth Manyonda’s home.
I did not see him again. Some time later, Tradex Marketing called to inform me that my new car was ready. What new car? I asked. The representative replied that they had been instructed by Roger Boka to have a Mitsubishi Twin Cab delivered to me forthwith. It was a 1997 model, fully paid for. This is the car that I drive to this day.

Roger Boka, the first black Zimbabwean to own a chauffeured Rolls Royce

Roger Boka Death
 (AP) _ Roger Boka, a leading African black empowerment advocate whose bank collapsed last year amid questionable practices, is dead at age 54.
Boka died aboard a private jet Sunday as it approached Harare’s airport, his family said. His daughter, Rudo, said Boka was returning from the United States where he sought treatment. She would not specify the illness.
                                                                  Roger Boka died on a Private Jet
Zimbabwean newspapers reported he suffered from ailments often linked to AIDS, including Kaposi’s sarcoma.
Boka was wanted for questioning over the alleged illegal transfer abroad of $25 million from his collapsed United Merchant Bank. Police said last month that their investigations into the operations of Boka’s bank were hampered by his poor health.
President Robert Mugabe praised Boka as “a man of action, a fearless voice and doughty fighter for black empowerment.”
Over the past decade he “systematically broke into sectors hitherto dominated by multinationals and white commercial outfits,” Mugabe said.
Boka’s bank offered loans to blacks at favorable terms and accused multinational banks of discriminating against black entrepreneurs who lacked collateral.
He also headed a group of retail and tobacco marketing companies that were at forefront of a campaign for black advancement in business.
Boka’s bank collapsed after it allegedly sold faked bonds, purportedly to raise capital for a state-owned slaughter and meat processing firm.

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    WOW….WHAT PROPER ZANU-PF PROPAGANDA TAILORED FOR THE CRONIES AS A HYM BOOK

  • Seremani Warebwa

    I was inspired by Boka #MHSRIP