As Zimbabwean opposition leader Nelson Chamisa considers mounting a legal challenge to last week’s election results, he’s also counting the cost of fissures within his alliance and campaign pledges that made him appear out of touch with voters.
Emmerson Mnangagwa’s victory in the parliamentary and presidential ballots has left Chamisa’s Movement for Democratic Change without enough seats to prevent the ruling Zimbabwe African National Front-Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF from changing the Constitution.
It has also exposed the opposition’s missteps in the lead-up to the July 30 vote, even after Chamisa revitalised the alliance in the wake of former leader Morgan Tsvangirai’s death in February.
The MDC’s alliance with six other parties was fractious at best, according to analysts, including Rashweat Mukundu at the Zimbabwe Democracy Institute in Harare.
That led it to field multiple candidates in areas where a single ticket might have boosted its tally.
“The MDC could have scooped an extra 10 seats to block Zanu-PF’s two-thirds majority if they didn’t split the vote by fielding two or more candidates for some single seats,” Mukundu said.
Aside from a wobbly alliance, many older Zimbabweans also saw Chamisa as young – he’s 40 – brash, over-confident and given to rash promises.
At a campaign rally in March, Chamisa told supporters in the northern town of Chinhoyi that his government would build a bullet train between Harare and the southern city of Bulawayo.
In May, he said the MDC planned to build an airport in the eastern town of Murehwa, a small-scale-farming town that has no large industries.
“It’s to Chamisa’s credit that he managed to re-energise the party sufficiently to mount a formidable challenge to Zanu-PF,” said University of Zimbabwe political science lecturer Professor Eldred Masunungure.
Maintaining that momentum will determine where the MDC, Zimbabwe’s first credible opposition party since the end of white-minority rule in 1980, goes from here, Prof Masunungure said.
Chamisa has said the MDC will take legal action to overturn the election, saying it will “use all legal and constitutional means” to challenge the outcome.
He insists that the MDC’s own tally of the vote shows he won 56 percent of the vote, compared with the 44,3 percent the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) says he got.
Mnangagwa won 50,8 percent of ballots cast, according to the ZEC.
Local and Western observers have cast doubt on the fairness of the vote, but haven’t commented yet on the counting and verification process.
The MDC was expected to announce what action it plans to take over the election results yesterday, spokesman Dr Nkululeko Sibanda said on Monday.
Regardless of the outcome of the action it takes, Chamisa’s strong showing in the election signifies he’ll have a role to play in Zimbabwean politics over the next five years, author and former journalist Geoff Nyarota said.
“He has a proven following and an important role to play in the future of our country if he chooses to present himself as a humble and unassuming statesman,” said Nyarota, a Nieman Foundation scholar and US-based journalism lecturer since his exile from Zimbabwe in 2003.
“If he doesn’t, he’ll antagonise even his own supporters.” – Bloomberg.