Home / Politics / Opinion / Psychiatry and health costs

Psychiatry and health costs

Dr Sacrifice Chirisa Mental Health Matters
The neglect of psychiatric conditions by health funders, health insurance companies and most wellness programmes is a clear indication of lack of understanding of the health cost management systems.

With clear statistics that one in four people will experience a mental health problem in any given year, research suggests, with 90 percent of these making primary care their first port of call for help. It is not surprising then, that as many as 40 percent of GP and primary care daily consultations involve a mental health component.

This is usually ignored and misdiagnosed.

This leads to five negative and costly outcomes:

  1. Multiple consultations for same issues
  2. Progression and complication of the mental condition
  3. Increased cost of medical treatment
  4. Persistent suffering and decrease quality of life for patients
  5. Loss of productive time costing the economy

You probably won’t see patients with a serious mental illness as they tend to be treated a referral centres. Rather in GP, occupational and primary care clinics one will see a lot of people with low to medium grade mental health problems, in which could include loneliness, misery, insomnia, substance abuse, depression and stress

It is people’s life experiences that affect their mood and thinking. These so-called mild to moderate psychiatric disorders will manifest as what I call psychogenic symptoms. These are psychical signs and symptoms without a traceable physical abnormality but rather a manifestation of psychological conflict and problems. They are usually in the form of:

Headaches

Backaches

General body weakness

Body aches

General abdominal pains

Tiredness

Poor appetite

Lack of sleep, among others.

The solution is to devote time and resources to training and increasing awareness to the most common psychiatric conditions to the GPs and the individuals in the first line of contact in clinics. The correct identification of a psychiatric condition is paramount in cost management in the health system.

Many strategies have ben employed to contain costs in the medical industry but I am of the opinion that mental health awareness is a low hanging fruit that will yield fruit with minimum costs. Ignoring mental health like it has been the case will ensure that an effort to decrease unnecessary consultations is unlikely to happen – a dream that will never come true.

There is no health cost management without focusing on mental health issues that is a fact.

I do not see patients with a serious mental illness all that frequently (they tend to be managed in secondary care), but I do see a lot of people with low to medium grade mental health problems, in which I would include loneliness, misery and stress; it is people’s life experiences that affect their mood and thinking. I also see a lot of people whose stress levels affect their physical health.

 

Source :

The Herald

Check Also

Zimbabwe: No Need to Look for Scapegoats – Sithole

Veteran sports administrator, Tommy Sithole, believes there is no need to look for scapegoats after …