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BY VENERANDA LANGA
LEGISLATORS have been urged to diligently scrutinise the Zimbabwe Media Commission Bill to ensure it offers clarity on regulation of the media and de-criminalising the journalism profession.
Media law expert Chris Mhike made the call yesterday while addressing
members of the Prince Sibanda-led Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on
Information on the Zimbabwe Media
Commission Bill, soon to be tabled in Parliament for crafting.
“The ZMC Bill is proposing a self-regulatory body to close the gap in
State regulation, which is regulation by statutory regulations. But
there is a difference between statutory
regulation and State regulation in that State regulation is whereby government itself has a role in dictating what is in the media,” Mhike said.
Mhike said while countries like Australia and Denmark have stuck to
government regulation, their models are regarded as prohibitive in terms
He said it would also be important for the ZMC Bill to be clear on the role of media houses with regards to self-regulation via their editorial boards, the ombudsmen or a code of
Zimbabwe Union of Journalists secretary-general Foster Dongozi said
MPs should be wary of the language used, including that the ZMC would be
given the powers to “take action” against
“Wording such as ‘taking action against journalists’ is like Sharia law and must be removed from the Bill,” Dongozi said.
Mhike said there was no need for the ZMC Bill to include provisions of actions against unethical practice in journalism because these were already catered for in the Criminal
Codification and Reform Act.
Bulilima West MP Dingumuzi Phuti (Zanu PF) said while the Bill should
not criminalise the journalism profession, there was also a need to
curb irresponsible and unethical journalism,
where scribes write outright lies.
“The media is a very important institution as it is classified as the
Fourth Estate and, therefore, we must understand that there are various
individuals that also want to project the
direction of the media. If the media is allowed freeplay because all crimes are catered for in the criminal code, then there will be abuse,” Phuti said.
Voluntary Media Council of Zimbabwe executive director Loughty Dube said the ZMC Bill was pivotal in that it would set the foundation for other media Bills as its intention was to
regulate the media industry, but without criminalising journalism.
“It is strange that the only profession that has a criminal clause
put in it is journalism. In the past, however, one finds that there
were 132 arrests of journalists, yet not even
one of them was convicted for a criminal offence,” Dube said.
Misa-Zimbabwe programmes manager Nyasha Nyakunu said the Bill must be specific to ensure action taken against unethical journalists is in line with their code of conduct.
Mhike said MPs also need to interrogate issues of licencing of
journalists and media houses as well as the definition of who a media
practitioner is because currently, people who work
as drivers, receptionists and accountants at media houses are also classified as media practitioners.